Strategic Environmental Assessment and Policy for coastal aquaculture in Kenya
Advance Africa was contracted by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to conduct a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and policy review for coastal aquaculture in Kenya.
The study formed part of the EU-funded GoBlue intervention, with an overall objective of contributing to coastal economic development in Kenya in an inclusive, integrated, participatory and sustainable manner. The objectives of the study comprised: a) an SEA for coastal aquaculture value chain development, including a policy and regulatory framework review, and b) provision of inputs into the curriculum of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) courses in the Blue Economy sectors. We were tasked with:
- assessing the environmental impact under current regulations for key aquaculture value chains in the coastal counties of Kenya, including tilapia, sea cucumber, milkfish and prawns, seaweed, mud crab fattening, and artemia;
- identifying improved farming practices for each value chain under similar situations; making recommendations for impact monitoring and management, including steps to comply with national environmental impact assessment and management regulations;
- comparing national regulations with international best practices and identifying gaps with a (phased) approach towards complying with best practices;
- assessing and predicting the impact of intensification of production;
- developing guidelines on how the environmental impact of aquaculture projects should be monitored and disaggregated by youth and gender;
- preparing an outlook at the impact of climate change in the medium- and short-term;
- producing a high-level framework for developing a fit-for-purpose, five-year, regional strategic aquaculture development plan for Kenyan mariculture; and
- highlighting opportunities for environmental education and awareness in the mariculture sector and associated sectors.